Download An Introduction to Metaphilosophy (Cambridge Introductions by Paul Gilbert, Søren Overgaard, Stephen Burwood PDF

By Paul Gilbert, Søren Overgaard, Stephen Burwood

What's philosophy? How may still we do it? Why should still we hassle to? those are the categories of questions addressed by way of metaphilosophy - the philosophical learn of the character of philosophy itself. scholars of philosophy this day are confronted with a complicated and daunting array of philosophical tools, techniques and kinds and in addition deep divisions akin to the infamous rift among analytic and Continental philosophy. This ebook takes readers via a whole variety of ways - analytic as opposed to Continental, scientistic as opposed to humanistic, 'pure' as opposed to utilized - permitting them to find and comprehend those alternative ways of doing philosophy. truly and accessibly written, it is going to stimulate mirrored image on philosophical perform and may be useful for college students of philosophy and different philosophically susceptible readers.

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But the view has other disadvantages. For one, it seems revisionist in the extreme – not merely implying that most contemporary philosophers fail to conduct philosophical research in the right manner, but that they continue to do so despite the fact that it has already been shown how to make philosophy ‘a rigorous science’, in Husserl’s expression. (Of course, there is a rejoinder to this objection: that all previous proclamations of philosophy having finally ‘come of age’ were premature and that really only now can such an announcement be truly made.

15 Something certainly seems right about this hybrid characterisation; yet unfortunately, it seems to exclude certain parts of the philosophical family – not just recent additions such as, say, the philosophy of sport, but also more established areas of research, such as the parts of formal logic that shade off into mathematics. It is at the very least not obvious that such branches of philosophy can be said to deal with the fundamental questions about human beings and our place in the world. To mention one final possibility, it does not seem that the once celebrated idea that philosophy has some special interest in our ‘concepts’ (or ‘conceptual scheme’)16 indicates a topic shared by all philosophers either.

To see how this idea might work, consider a story told by Strawson: When the first Spanish or, strictly, Castilian grammar was presented to Queen Isabella of Castile, her response was to ask what use it was … For of course the grammar was in a certain sense of no use at all to fluent speakers of Castilian. In a sense they knew it all already. They spoke grammatically correct Castilian because grammatically correct Castilian simply was what they spoke. The grammar did not set the standard of correctness for the sentences they spoke; on the contrary, it was the sentences they spoke that set the standard of correctness for the grammar.

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