By Pauline Couper
This ism-busting textual content is an significantly obtainable account of the most important philosophical and theoretical principles that experience knowledgeable geographical learn. It makes summary rules specific and obviously connects it with genuine practices of geographical study and data.
Written with aptitude and keenness, A Student's creation to Geographical Thought:
- Explains the main principles: medical realism, anti-realism and idealism / positivism / severe rationalism / Marxism and significant realism/ social constructionism and feminism / phenomenology and post-phenomenology / postmodernism and post-structuralism / complexity / ethical philosophy.
- Uses examples that deal with both physical geography and human geography.
- Use a well-recognized and real-world instance - ‘the seashore’ - as an access element to uncomplicated questions of philosophy, returning to this to demonstrate and to give an explanation for the hyperlinks among philosophy, concept, and technique.
All chapters finish with summaries and resources of additional analyzing, a thesaurus explaining key phrases, routines with commentaries, and internet assets of key articles from the journals Progress in Human Geography and Progress in actual Geography. A Student's advent to Geographical Thought is a very obtainable pupil A-Z of idea and perform for either human and actual geography.
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Additional resources for A Student’s Introduction to Geographical Thought
Like all geographers, take note of the ideas, decide which you find convincing or relevant to your interests, and see if you can use them for yourself. Contribute to the Companion Website! Chapters 2 to 8 of this book include examples of research (journal articles) to illustrate the research practices associated with the philosophy or theory being discussed in that chapter. They also include an exercise that d i rects you to read a specific journal article and answer some questions about it. For all of these exercises the journal article can be accessed via the book's compan ion website, along with some answers to the questions so that you can check whether you were along the right lines.
It sounds as though we are in danger of saying that moral or ethical statements are meaningless, but Hanfling (1981) claims that the logical positivists' common response to this was to claim that they are not really statements, but directives or instructions. When we describe something as morally right or wrong, we are really offering a directive as to how a person should behave (see Chapter 9 for more on moral philosophy and ethics). In summary, the logical positivists focused on language, with the two principles of the unity of science and the verification principle of meaning being central.
By 1 942 it had amassed over 3 million aerial photographs of Europe (Pearson, 2002), and by 1 945 was taking in 25 ,000 negatives and 60,000 prints every day. Photogrammetry and the production of terrain models were essential to the war effort. Alongside aerial photographs, geological data, tide data and oceanographic data all needed interpretation. There was more cartographic activity during World War I I than in whole of the previous decade (Corson and Palka, 2004). Meteorology was just as important, with accurate weather forecasts crucial for targeted exercises such as D -Day.