Download A Greek Army on the March: Soldiers and Survival in by John W. I. Lee PDF

By John W. I. Lee

Professor Lee presents a social and cultural heritage of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got usually been portrayed as a unmarried summary political group, this publication unearths that lifestyles within the military used to be generally formed via a collection of smaller social groups: the formal unit supplier of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group'). It comprises complete therapy of the environmental stipulations of the march, ethnic and socio-economic family members among the warriors, gear and shipping, marching and camp behaviour, consuming and ingesting, sanitation and remedy, and plenty of different themes. It additionally accords certain consciousness to the non-combatants accompanying the warriors. It makes use of old literary and archaeological proof, historic and glossy comparative fabric, and views from army sociology and smooth battle stories. This booklet is vital analyzing for a person engaged on old Greek battle or on Xenophon's Anabasis.

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Extra info for A Greek Army on the March: Soldiers and Survival in Xenophon's Anabasis

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32 A Greek Army on the March for marching. 88 Only after the Cyreans had reached the Euxine in January would they again see more than ten hours of light a day. Anatolia’s human landscape also shaped the army’s behavior during this period. 89 Otherwise, Anatolia was a world of scattered villages and fortified strongholds. For larger sites, there exists a modicum of archaeological evidence. 90 Of the humbler settlements there survives no trace, although we can recover some of their characteristics by comparing the Anabasis evidence with the observations of nineteenth-century travelers and twentiethcentury anthropologists in central Anatolia.

10–11; for cutting firewood in paradeisoi, cf. Plut. Artax. 1–2. The summer solstice, with more than 14 21 hours of daylight, would have occurred about June 22, around when the army reached Thapsacus. 23 An. 25. An. 21. An. 11–18. Five minas on the Attic standard was 500 drachmas, or more than 16 months’ pay at a drachma per day; see Dillery (2001) 87. An. 18. 27 From there, the army advanced for three weeks, most of July, through desert country along the left bank of the upper Euphrates valley.

Agreement: An. 26; cf. 30. 28; cf. 25. 1. 50 As for water, though the Tigris and Euphrates were approaching their seasonal lows, they continued to provide a fair measure for drinking and washing. 54 If supplies were no problem, the heat was. Nights in Mesopotamia might dip to only 24◦ C (75◦ F), but noontime temperatures in August, with the sun beating down from a cloudless sky for more than thirteen hours at a time, could reach a relentless 42◦ –45◦ C (107◦ –113◦ F) or more. 55 After a month of living in the desert, the soldiers had acclimated to the heat, and the army had perfected its technique of marching at night or in early morning to take advantage of cooler temperatures.

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