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By Benjamin A. Elman

Historians of technological know-how and Sinologists have lengthy wanted a unified narrative to explain the chinese language improvement of contemporary technological know-how, drugs, and know-how due to the fact 1600. They welcomed the looks in 2005 of Benjamin Elman's masterwork, all alone phrases. Now Elman has retold the tale of the Jesuit impression on past due imperial China, circa 1600-1800, and the Protestant period in early sleek China from the 1840s to 1900 in a concise and obtainable shape perfect for the study room. This coherent account of the emergence of contemporary technology in China locations that emergence in historic context for either basic scholars of contemporary technological know-how and experts of China. (20070112)

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A Cultural History of Modern Science in China

Historians of technology and Sinologists have lengthy wanted a unified narrative to explain the chinese language improvement of contemporary technology, drugs, and know-how when you consider that 1600. They welcomed the looks in 2005 of Benjamin Elman's masterwork, all alone phrases. Now Elman has retold the tale of the Jesuit influence on overdue imperial China, circa 1600-1800, and the Protestant period in early smooth China from the 1840s to 1900 in a concise and available shape perfect for the school room.

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The Kangxi emperor secured the Mei family’s eminence by declaring Mei Juecheng an Imperial School student in 1712, granting him a provincial degree in 1713, and promoting him to the highest degree as “a palace graduate in mathematical astronomy” in 1715. 13 Mei Wending and his family favored a quantitative approach to dealing with astronomical principles. ” I reply: “Of course. I have heard that it is the classical scholar who masters the comprehensiveness of heaven, earth, and humans. ” He might ask: “The scholar in knowing heaven knows only its principles.

Although the Ming had banned public knowledge of computational astronomy and astrology in order to monopolize it in the Astrocalendrical Bureau, Kangxi opened them for official study by appropriate Han officials and trustworthy Manchu and Mongol army bannermen. His goal in part was to weaken the hold of certain Han and Muslim families that had dominated the bureau’s transmission of mathematical astronomy. 12 Because the bannermen regarded civil examinations and mathematical training as secondary to their military skills, however, their mathematical achievements were limited.

Another section focused on the oceans. 2), still exercised a dominant influence on Chinese cartography throughout the late imperial period. The Chinese grid style treated maps and texts as integral rather than independent elements. 38 In the early Qing, Ferdinand Verbiest (1623–1688), with the help of others, produced two works that dealt with world geography. Based largely on Aleni’s work, Verbiest’s 1674 world atlas included a comprehensive map in two hemispheres with gazetteer information about each part of the globe.

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